KoshiTappu Wildlife Reserve

KoshiTappu Wildlife Reserve

KoshiTappu wildlife Reserve lies on the flood plains of Sapta Koshi in Saptari and Sunsari district of eastern Nepal. The Reserve established in 1976 covers 175 Sq.kms and stands as a testimony of nature conservstion in South Asia.During the monsoon rapid and complete inundation of the reserve depths range from 10 to 300cm.The SaptaKoshiRiver also changes its course from one season to another. The vegetation found here are mainly grassland with a few patches of Khair, Sissoo scrub forest and deciduous mixed riverine forest. The Park gained much wider recognition in the world when UNESCO included this area on the list of World Heritage Site in 1984. It should also be emphasized that only a very small part of the national park is used for tourism.

The reserve is a habitat for a diversity of wildlife mainly the wild buffalo also called Arnawhich is at the verge of extinction (about 100) are preserved here. This place is also a home for hog deer, spotted deer and other species of deer,along with blue bull, jackal, crocodile, dolphin, elephants. The reserve also assists the economy by providing fishing permits and allowing the collection of edible fruits and ferns in seasons. Local villagers are permitted to collect grasses from within the reserve in January each year. These are used for thatching roofs and building house walls. Because of intensive agriculture the grasses can no longer be found outside the reserve. An estimated us $250.00 worth thatch grass was removed during January 1987.

A total of 439 varietyof birds species have been recorded in the reserve. These include 20 species of ducks, 2 species of ibises many storks’ egrets’ herons and the endangered swamp partridges and Bengal floricans. The rare ‘Ghariyal’ Crocodile and Gangtic dolphin have also been traced in KoshiRiver.

After a flight of an hour from Kathmandu to Biratnagar followed by two hours drive koshiTappu Wildlife can be reached. TheKoshiTappu is one of the finest places in Nepal to view migratory and native water fowls, waders and shore birds during the winter seasons. Various unique species not recorded elsewhere in the state can be seen here. During the cold months ofJanuary, February and March many birds congregate here and then they migrate north with the beginning of warm weather. The well-qualified nature guides will take visitors out on walks, on jeep drives and boat rides for sightseeing of birds and the Arna the wild buffalo which are found only here in Nepal. We recommend the visitors to combine this tour either with treks in the eastern hills or with a tour to Bhutan and Sikkim or with a Sunkosi rafting trip for exciting experience.

Tourist Attraction

  • The best time to visit KoshiTappu is between October and March as many migratory and resident birds can be spotted at the barrage and on the main river channel. Several Himalayan peaks including Makalu (8475 m) the worlds fifth highest mountain, can be seen during this period of cooler and clear weather.
  • The trail along the eastern embankment of the reserve provides places to observe birds and some of the resident animals during dusk and dawn.
  • The government owned Hattisar (elephant stable) at KoshiTappu has the distinction of biding one of the few facilities in Asia where elephants breed regularly. Government of Nepal maintains eight female elephants. A semi-wild male, named Ganesh Maharaj by locals, frequently visit and mates with the females, producing a total of nine youngsters so far. Ganesh Maharaj, named after the Hindu God, is considered sacred by local people. Visitors can also enjoy elephant rides into the reserve arranged from the Reserve Headquarters.
  • BarahaChhetra, located at 5 km north of Chatara, is the site of an annual religious festival which is sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists.


  • The region of Nepal experiences three distinct seasons. Summer season lasting from February to May isintensly hot with minimal precipitation. Shade temperatures can even reach 40 C. The monsoon commences at late May or early June with frequent and violent thunderstorms. High humidity and temperatures are experienced throughout July season even though high rainfall is occurs during this period. Winter lasts from October to January with unclouded skies and moderate temperatures.

How to Get There

  • Buses leave daily from Kathmandu for Kaakar-Bhitta and Biratnagar. Visitors need to get off just before Laukhi and walk 3 km towards the Reserve Headquarters at Kusaha. The road to Kusaha is marked by a signboard on the main road.
  • Nepal Airline Corporation also operates a daily air service between Kathmandu and Biratnagar. Visitors flying to Biratnagar will need to travel by bus to reach the reserve entrance shortly after Laukhi.

Entry fee into KoshiTappu Wildlife Reserve

The Reserve Headquarters and entrance building are at Kusaha. All visitors must stop here to pay an entrance fee.

  • Wildlife Reserve entry fee per person per day:
  • For Nepali Nationals -Rs 20
  • For SAARC Nationals -Rs 200
  • For Foreign Nationals -Rs 500
  • Free for Children under 10 years
  • Elephant ride per hour – Rs 1000 – ( For Nepali’s Rs 100)
  • Fishing permit – Rs 300 – ( For Nepali’s Rs 20)
  • Camping per night per person – Rs 300 – ( For Nepali’s Rs 20)
  • Motor vehicle drive – Rs 100
  • Entry permits should be kept in case they need to be checked by the Reserve Guards.
  • A small lodge at Kusaha is available for use by tourists and there is a small canteen where snacks and cold drinks can be purchased.

Everest Base Camp
15 Days
$ 1399/INR 69999/-PP

ABC Trek
11 Days
$ 1399/INR 69999/-PP

Central Tibet Tour
8 Days
$ 999/INR 49000/-PP

Namsto & EBC
8 Days
$ 1499/INR 99999/-PP

Kailash Yatra
10 Days
$ 2999/INR 165000/-PP

8 Days Ex.Lucknow
8 Days
$ 2499/INR 149000/-PP

Best of Bhutan
8 Days
$ 1799 / INR24555/-PP

Part Druk Path Trek
8 Days
$ 1999/INR 59999/-PP

Golden Triangle
7 Days
$ 499/INR 13999/-PP

Sikkim & Darjeeling
7 Days
$ 1199/INR 29999/-PP

Amazing Thailand
6 Days
$ 399/INR 11999/-PP

Best of Bali
5 Days
$ 299/INR 9999/-PP